Many social problems arise with the rapidly changing socio-economic situation in the country. Some are serious and complex. Thus, the Government must play a role in the improvement  and development of  a peaceful society in the care of environmental, social or cultural resources and especially,the protection of human resources. In developing a better quality of life for people, thisl inevitably results in a better community and society as well.
With the above in mind, the state also recognize communities  which are disadvantaged in almost every aspect, starting from an incomplete and unstable family where parents are separated, deceased, under prison terms or under other conditions which means children are separated from their natural caregivers and family. These situations cause a huge impact on young children. Children then become orphans, destitute, neglected and are improperly cared for by parents or guardians. In the year 2520, child-trafficking to foreigners for high sums of money became evident.
The government realized the  urgency  to address and prevent these problems and the Cabinet established a law against trafficking  (0202/6143), dated May 19, 2520 declaring all orphans, destitute or neglected from either government or private health care centers to be enrolled to the Department of Social Development and Welfare within a period no longer than 6 months.
Therefore, The Department of Social Development and Welfare (Department of Public Welfare at the time) established a new orphanage center to adopt more children, The Rangsit Babies’ Home (Ban Dek On Rangsit), in Pathum Thani Province, on July 12, 2522. Band Dek On Rangsit comes under the Office of Protection of Women and Child Welfare, Department of Social Development and Welfare and the Ministry of Social Development and Human Welfare.
The object is to provide care for children up to the age of six that are orphaned, homeless or in need of assistance and protection under the Child Protection Act, year 2546. Each child has the right to the necessities of living and  to develop physically, psychologically, emotionally, socially and intellectually, according to its age. This will result in the child growing up to be an upstanding grown up in both family, community, society and country.
Where the children come from.
Children coming into The Babies’ Home Rangsit for foster care are from the following 6 categories.
1) Children abandoned in a hospital, in public or abandoned with a hired caretaker.
2) Children who are orphans, helpless or from a poor family.
3) Children from families experiencing social problems, such as disabled parents, parents that are physically and mentally ill, parents who are imprisoned, or parents who are separated for some reason.
4) Children who are in care in various institutions of the Department of Social Development and Welfare.
5) Children who are lost on the street, children in difficult circumstances,
6) Children brought in by te police including those who are victims of trafficking.